Chapter Five: What We Will Hear (Changes for the celebrant)
The most extensive changes in the new translation of the Roman Missal have to do with what we will hear from the priest. The most dramatic changes will occur during the Eucharistic prayers. The Greek words eucharistein and eulogein recall the Jewish blessings that proclaim - especially during a meal - God's works: creation, redemption, and sanctification (CCC 1328). This was a very important part of the Passover meal, the precursor of the Liturgy of the Eucharist, for it was here that one of the younger members of the celebration would ask the oldest to tell the story of the great things God had done for the People of Israel.
The Eucharistic prayers do much the same; they all recall the great love God has for us by sending His only Son in reparation for the many sins we have committed. The language of the new translation constantly reminds us of the glorious transcendence of God. He is the beginning and end of all that is and all that we do and all that we are is completely, totally dependent on Him.
Some of “what we will hear” from the priest has already been discussed in the previous chapter and will not be revisited. The catechesis in this chapter will focus on what we most frequently hear. Eucharistic Prayers I, II, and III will be examined. Prayer IV will not for it is rarely used. There are Communicantes,(prayers that recall our communion with the saints) that are for specific days (i.e. Pentecost, the Epiphany, etc.). Neither these nor the parts that the priest is to say inaudibly will be reviewed.
(Note: Latin titles generally will come from the first two words of a prayer.)
Introduction to the Penitential Act
Brethren (Brothers and sisters), let us acknowledge our sins, and so prepare ourselves to celebrate the sacred mysteries.
Catechesis: As Saint John writes,“If we confess our sins, He is faithful and just, and will forgive our sins and cleanse us from all unrighteousness” (1 Jn 1:9). We need to do our part in acknowledging our sins, so that God will forgive them. The word “sacrament” (Latin, sacramentum) comes to us from the Greek word mysterion (also translated in Latin, mysterium). We need to be cleansed before we can enter into the Holy Sacrifice of the Mass; the heavenly liturgy on earth (cf. Rev 4-5, CCC 1090).
Penitential Act, Form C